To travel to Chengdu, Wu Hou Temple can be said to be a must-see spot, and Chengdu is a very good place to visit. Compared with Wuhan, where I live, the urban area of Chengdu is not too large, and many scenic spots, such as Du Fu's Cottage and Wuhou Temple, are mostly distributed within the urban area, so the traffic is very convenient and the time spent on the road is less.
In fact, the name Wuhou Temple is not quite correct. When I came to the gate of the scenic spot, I suddenly saw that the plaque above said Han Zhaoliet Temple. Han Zhaoliet Emperor is Liu Bei's posthumous title after his death, the size of the whole scenic spot is not too large. And this is actually a mausoleum for Liu Bei, and Zhuge Liang has nothing to do with it. The scenic spot is arranged according to the pattern of the front of the imperial mausoleum and the back of the bed. In front is the building part of the cemetery, behind is a small hill, and this is Liu Bei's mausoleum.
The architectural part of the cemetery is a scaled down version of the Imperial palace, which is also divided into front and back halls. When you enter the gate, you will see a stone road that leads straight to the front hall, with steles of different dynasties on both sides. Look carefully, there are Tang Dynasty, Ming Dynasty and Qing Dynasty. The writing on many of the tablets is illegible, and the inscriptions have no punctuation marks, making it unclear exactly what they say. It should be recorded after the renovation of Liu Bei's mausoleum in various periods, which should be very interesting.
Among the stone tablets of various dynasties, the number of stone tablets of the Qing Dynasty is relatively large. It can be seen that the Manchu court was very concerned about the restoration of Liu Bei's tomb, which should contain a lot of united front meaning of winning the hearts and minds of the Han people and local powers. Because the Qing Dynasty actually seized the world, but it has always claimed that it is revenge for the Ming Dynasty, after the elimination of Li Zicheng, the continuation of the Ming Dynasty legal system. Of course, this purely propaganda statement is not worth analyzing, but after all, it is quite similar to Liu Bei's practice of falsely claiming that Emperor Xian of Han had been killed by Cao PI, and reluctantly claiming emperor in order to continue the legal system of Han Dynasty. Therefore, the Qing Dynasty respected the Shu Han regime more or less for the purpose of united front and endorsement of the legitimacy of their own regime.
After walking along this short stone path in front of us, we came to the throne room. In the middle of the main hall is a statue of Liu Bei. Of course, this is also imagined by later generations, and its costume is the typical costume of the Han emperor, wearing a dragon robe and wearing twelve beads as a royal diadem. Of course, the face of the statue is also imagined by later generations, but it is also quite in line with the temperament of Liu Bei in the Romance of The Three Kingdoms. Liu Bei's benevolence and righteousness made us feel that his face was kind, but it did not make us feel that he was dignified and difficult to approach.
Liu Bei's statue is located in the middle of the main hall and is also the largest. There is a small room on his right, and when you enter it, you can see that the statue of Guan Yu is enshrined in it, and there is a green dragon crescent knife beside it. However, there is no such small room on the left of Liu Bei, so there is no statue dedicated to Zhang Fei, which is actually expected. Influenced by the interpretation of the novel, Guan Yu's status in people's minds is much higher than Zhang Fei, and he and Zhuge Liang are respected for similar reasons. Guan Yu's high military value and Zhuge Liang's high intelligence value are not the reasons why they are remembered by later generations. The most fundamental reason is their loyalty to Liu Bei, that is, the so-called loyalty. Guan Yu had been separated from Liu Bei and briefly joined Cao Cao, who was also very fond of Guan Yu as a talent, and showed him courtesy and all kinds of super-standard treatment to win people's hearts. However, Guan Yu was always in Cao Ying's heart in Han Dynasty, and after learning Liu Bei's whereabouts, he sealed the gold seal and went to join Liu Bei after passing the five passes and killing the six generals. As the prime minister of Shu Han, Zhuge Liang could be said to be in power, and his position was almost the same as Cao Cao's position above Emperor Xian of Han. However, unlike Cao Cao's calculation of how to ascend to the top of power step by step and eventually usurp the world of Han Dynasty, Zhuge Liang and his family had always adhered to the way of Kings and ministers and never crossed the line. And this in The Three Kingdoms, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties that period, the powerful ministers abolished the emperor, usurpation of independent things as much as the era, Prime Minister Zhuge is indeed a rare person.
Of course, here is still to give Zhang Fei a fight against injustice. "Romance of The Three Kingdoms" portrays Zhang Fei as a rough man on the whole, only able to shout and kill, and little wisdom. Only in the Changban slope to scare Cao Cao, described the wisdom of Zhang Fei. He ordered the soldiers to drag the branches behind the horses, raising a lot of dust, creating the illusion of a large number of troops and horses, and frightening Cao Cao, reflecting his rough and fine. This is actually a little too dwarfed Zhang Fei. In the beginning of the Taoyuan three knot, Zhang Fei is the richest one among the three brothers, Taoyuan is also Zhang Fei's family, he does is to sell meat business, but also very big. While Liu Bei was just a small seller of straw sandals and MATS, Guan Yu was in a similar situation. Therefore, it can be seen that Zhang Fei is the most entrepreneurial person among the three brothers. Moreover, when Liu Bei saw that the imperial court was unable to cope with the Yellow Turban uprising, issued the imperial list, and asked the prefectures to organize their own troops to suppress the yellow turban thieves, and saw his distant family, Liu Han's court was so weak, he only sighed, but Zhang Fei saw this situation and shouted at his husband why he sighed? Perhaps the spark of entrepreneurship in Liu Bei's heart was ignited by Zhang Fei.